Catron County News ] Catron County Court ] Catron County Sheriff ] New Mexico Republic ] InfoWars ] Reserve High ]

Sheriff Mack
Wolf Crossing
For Sale
Free to a GoodHome
Citizens Group
Animal Assistance

Reserve Village News

This here page is dedicated to nothin' but good news.  We don't want to hear no sad stories, but if you got some good news to share, drop me an email or give me a call. 575-418-7419 or {tia at reservevillage dot com} for you who understand internet lingo.

Saturday, 10 October 2009: Reserve New Mexico

First Annual NO Wolves Meeting:


The re-introduction of the Mexican Gray Wolf cost you, the taxpayer $303,000 per wolf.

In a five year period, 250 wolves will attack and savagely slaughter over 7000 head of livestock and game animals

The cost to New Mexico and the US economy for the Mexican Gray Wolf Program will be well over $60,000,000 in the next five years.

Can our Country afford this insane program in these perilous times?

Americans for Preservation of Western Environment

PO Box 612 Reserve, NM 87830







Charlie Duree of Pleasanton, Shofar Ministries with Doug Baird, VP of APWE and past County Extension Agent for Catron County .

Wolf HotLine: 1-800-704-2281







Some of the Citizens in Attendance:

Jon Swapp of Duncan , AZ representing NM Cattle Growers Assoc.





Ed Wehrheim , Chair of APWE

and Chairman of Catron County Commission

Mike Nivison of Cloudcroft , NM , past Mayor and Cloudcroft City Council.


Jess Carey , past Sheriff of Catron County and present Wolf Incident Investigator for Catron County


Bucky Allred of the Blue Front Café in Glenwood, and officer of the NM Off Highway Rec. Vehicles Association.











Doug Baird








A little piece of news from the past, just to place this battle for the life of our County in perspective:
Reprinted from THE WALL STREET JOURNAL, Tuesday, January 3, 1995.
The Wall Street Journal, 200 Liberty St., New York, NY, 10281, 212-416-2000.
Subscription rate: $164.00/yr., 1-800-JOURNAL.

Cattle Prod

Catron County, N.M., Leads a Nasty Revolt Over Eco-Protection

U.S. Agency's Plan to Trim
Grazing Rights Sparks
Laws-and Lawlessness

An End to Cowboy Welfare?


CATRON COUNTY, N.M.-Last spring, federal wildlife biologist Tim Tibbitts sat in his car after a meeting with local ranchers to outline how
protections for endangered species could curtail cattle grazing on federal land here. One rancher popped open the passenger door.

   Mr. Tibbitts vividly recalls him saying: "If you ever come down to Catron County again, we'll blow your fucking head off."

   Federal law-enforcement agents are still looking for the rancher, whom, in the darkness, Mr. Tibbitts didn't recognize. But the rhetoric
of rebellion just grows louder here in the mesa and mountain country along the Gila River near the Continental Divide. And it is echoing
throughout rural America.

War Cries

   At issue here are attempts by federal land managers to curb decades of what they say are environmentally damaging cattle grazing and other
practices on the public lands that make up 80% of the county's 7,000 square miles. In revolt, the citizens of Catron County have paraded out
a number of novel - and detractors say ludicrous - weapons: a slew of ordinances aimed at superseding federal law, and the Treaty of Guadalupe
Hidalgo of 1848. But death threats and guns have also played a role.

   The guiding principle of this revolt: The federal government stole the lands it owns in New Mexico more than a century ago; thus, people
here need not heed modern-day federal laws regulating their use.

   So it is that in Catron County, local ordinances have been passed that make it illegal for the Forest Service to regulate grazing, even on
Forest Service lands in the heart of the federally owned Gila and Aldo Leopold wilderness areas that straddle the county. The county sheriff
has threatened to arrest the head of the local Forest Service office, prompting the U.S. attorney to threaten to arrest the sheriff.

   Other Catron County ordinances seek to prohibit the federal government from enforcing a host of laws aimed at sparing the Gila River
area from what Sally Stefferud a biologist for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, describes as "imminent environmental collapse." For
emphasis, Catron County passed a measure requiring heads of households to own firearms to "protect citizens' rights." By way of warning, the
county passed a resolution predicting "much physical violence" if the government persists with its "arrogant" grazing reform plans.
Spreading Rebellion

   Many mainstream legal scholars say Catron County is on shaky legal ground with much of this. Nonetheless, the movement born here - now
known officially as the "county movement" - has tapped into a deep well of discontent in the West and other rural regions, where mainstays of
rural culture like ranching, mining and logging are colliding with demographic shifts and increased environmental protection.

   In the past two years, more than 100 counties in Western states have passed ordinances, mimicking Catron County's, that repudiate federal
control of public lands. In Nevada, 16 of the state's 17 counties have passed county-movement ordinances. The movement has spread eastward in
recent months, picking up counties in Michigan and North Carolina.

   Federal agencies early on dismissed Catron County's campaign, but they don't anymore. "Do not underestimate these people," Interior
Secretary Bruce Babbitt warned a crowd of environmentalists at the Sierra Club's annual awards dinner in San Francisco several months ago.
"They are out to divest the public of its lands."

Deep Roots

   The West has seen many antigovernment movements in the past - and Catron County has often been in the vanguard. In the 1890s, people here
torched tens of thousands of acres to protest the government's original plan to set aside national forests. But historians think the county
movement runs deeper than similar revolts of the past. It overlaps with the so-called Wise Use movement, a well funded campaign backed by big
timber, mining, oil and ranching concerns to roll back environmental restrictions. Yet it may have broader appeal, because it casts its cause
as the defense of individual liberty and property rights against an overweening federal government - an increasingly popular theme, as
recent elections have shown.

   "For many traditional Westerners, there is a feeling that this is the last stand for their way of life, and that generates a new level of
desperation," says Patricia Nelson Limerick, a historian at the University of Colorado.

   That feeling is strong in Catron County. Bigger than Connecticut, the county has been cattle country since the arrival of the Spaniards in the
16th century. Cows still outnumber people about eight to one. But like the entire West, Catron County and environs have been changing. In
Silver City, bistros and art galleries have moved into offices vacated by mining suppliers. Newly arrived "green" groups have filed numerous 
lawsuits and endangered-species actions, leading to federal protection for the Mexican spotted owl and the willow
flycatcher, among other creatures.
Herd Choices

   The change that has really got Catron County stirred up is in the Forest Service's approach to its grazing operations. The service has
always allowed grazing on public lands, even in wilderness areas, at dirt-cheap fees. A few years ago, under pressure from environmentalists,
federal range managers began to acknowledge that a century of heavy grazing had worn much public rangeland in the West to the nub, causing
severe environmental damage, especially along streams and rivers. In late 1993, the Forest Service proposed cutting the herds on public land
in Catron County by about 30%.
   To ranchers, these are all changes to fear and to fight. At a "Protect Your Rights Rally" in Silver City, between the barbecue and
the cold beer, anger pours forth. "Our way of life is under attack by ecoNazis," rails Zeno Kiehne, a fourth-generation Catron County rancher.
Nearby, rancher Betty Hyatt nods approvingly as a state game commissioner gives a speech suggesting "ignoring" the Endangered Species
Act. "All we want is for our children to be able to live and work out here the way we always have," Ms. Hyatt says.

   It is to that end that local leaders launched Catron County's crusade. James Catron, county attorney and a descendant of the pioneer
ranching family that gave the county its name, says the movement in part reflects a nostalgia for a time "when someone causing pain to the
community was simply shot." Some of the legal concepts underpinning Catron County's crusade similarly look back in time.

Trick or Treaty?

   One is the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican War in 1848 and granted territory from California to the Texas border to the
U.S. Mr. Catron argues that the treaty gave the residents of what would become New Mexico the right to graze cattle, free from interference by
any federal agency. Another of the county's arguments holds that ranchers have been grazing cattle so long on the federally owned lands
here that they in effect own the grazing rights themselves. Another holds that the federal government simply doesn't have a right to own any
land. "Nowhere in the Constitution does it say that the federal government can own real estate," Mr. Catron observes.

   Then there are the ordinances. The latest proposed one, which county commissioners have yet to vote on, would require environmentalists to
register with the county. Under the measure, practicing environmentalism without a license could theoretically result in arrest.

   The county also has drawn up its own land-use plan, which it says can't be contravened by federal land managers. lt. calls for few
restrictions on grazing and other such activities.

   The only time to date that a county-movement ordinance was actually tested directly, in a case in Idaho state court early last year, it was
thrown out as unconstitutional. Nonetheless, the movement has rung up successes. Last month, a federal judge in Albuquerque revoked the Fish
and Wildlife Service's designation of critical habitat for two tiny fish in the Gila River as a result of a Catron County lawsuit. The judge
accepted the county's argument that the designation procedure dragged on past allowable federal deadlines; the agency, arguing that the desig-
nation process was slowed by county protests and legal challenges, is appealing.

Bowing to Pressure

   Even when the movement isn't on firm legal ground, it serves as a potent force for converting the free-floating anger in the region into
action. Amid opposition, Interior Secretary Babbitt last month decided to abandon some of his more ambitious proposals for grazing reform. And
last summer, the Fish and Wildlife Service shelved an effort to bring back native Gila trout to Mineral Creek. The job required the service to
first poison non-native species like brown trout-a sportsman's favorite but a predator that has contributed to the sharp decline in Gila trout.
Before the biologists could get to Mineral Creek, protests and threats of armed intervention forced them to reconsider.

   The nastiest battles, though, have to do with cattle. The Diamond Bar is one of the biggest grazing allotments in the Forest Service system,
227 square miles, most of it in the rugged Gila and Aldo Leopold wilderness. The current permit holder is Kit Laney, a fourth-generation
Catron County rancher who bought his 40-acre ranch and the giant Diamond Bar grazing permit associated with it in 1984 for more than $800,000.
(Typically, a rancher buys a piece of private property surrounded by Forest Service land; the private property has a grazing allotment of
publicly owned land associated with it, which the property owner has the first option to lease.)

When he bought it, the permit allowed Mr. Laney to graze up to 1,188 head of cattle. However, much of the Diamond Bar the Forest Service now
says, has been badly overgrazed for decades and can no longer support more than 600 head; environmentalists say even that's too many.

   Indeed, throughout the Diamond Bar, as on much Western rangeland, the damaging legacy of cattle is apparent. The banks of Main Diamond Creek,
one of several Gila River tributaries weaving through the Diamond Bar, are bare and crumbling, mainly because creekside willows and cottonwoods
that once checked erosion were long ago devoured or trampled by cows. Though the Main Diamond once brimmed with fish and bird life, the creek
is now a muddy, cow-patty-littered trickle much of the year. Its current condition, say biologists, helps explain why every native fish species
existing in the Gila River 50 years ago is now either extinct, endangered or under consideration for federal protection.
   Mr. Laney, an amiable, broad-chested cowboy, vows not to trim his herd - and to defend it with bullets if need be. "I'd go broke," he says
of the proposed cutbacks.

   The Forest Service - badly outnumbered here and its ranks still sprinkled with old-guarders sympathetic to ranchers' concerns - hasn't
said what it intends to do about Mr. Laney's defiance. Recently, the service proposed penalizing Mr. Laney 10 cows because his stock
repeatedly had been lolling in a badly damaged, off-limits streamside. A tense public hearing on the matter ended with a local county-movement
leader, Brub Stone, following ranger Sue Rozacek out to her car. He called her "a communist" and screamed at her to "think hard about what
you're going to do, because we'll hard-ass you to death, and you won't get away with it."

   Later, Danny Fryar, a rancher and the Catron County manager says if Mr. Laney's herd is cut, "there'll be all sorts of trouble. Kit won't
have to face them alone."

Cowboy Welfare?

   The leaders of Catron County's movement portray it as a revolt of hard-working stewards of the land against elitist greens and unfeeling
bureaucrats. "It's just honest country folk who have cared for this land and have made something of it standing up against government and
outsiders that want to take it all away from us," drawls Richard Manning, a tall, weather-beaten rancher who owns thousands of acres of
rangeland and is considered the county's richest man. But critics say that Mr. Manning and other ranchers have grown prosperous precisely
because the government's cheap grazing fees have amounted to fat, perpetual subsidies - derided as "cowboy welfare."

   "It's the height of hypocrisy," says Peter Galvin, a conservation biologist with the Greater Gila Biodiversity Project, an area
environmental group. "They rail about the federal government taking over their lives, but they're first in line when the feds are handing out

   Environmentalists and some federal regulators also wonder about some of the ranchers' stewardship. In addition to the battered condition of
the local range, there is Mr. Manning's ongoing feud with the Forest Service over his plan to open up a mill he owns at the Challenger Mine,
which is on Forest Service land in the Mogollon Mountains. (Mr. Manning, citing various legal concepts, regards the mill site as his property,
not the Forest Service's.) The Forest Service and state regulators suspect that toxic mine tailings at the mill may be leaching into
watercourses. Mr. Manning refuses to agree to let them check, and according to several Forest Service and state officials, has threatened
to greet any regulator who comes out to the mine with "100 men with rifles."

   Mr. Manning denies having made any such threat. In any case, the rhetoric in Catron County is baleful, even by the inflamed standards of
Western land battles. People here threaten mayhem with a casualness and frequency that alarms regulators and environmentalists. And, in a
development that troubles even some movement leaders, the cause has attracted elements with some peculiar ideas.
Strange Bedfellows

   At the recent rights rally, Frank Nagol hands out a schematic of how to make a pipe bomb. He has a .25-caliber pistol tucked in his
waistband. "You have to be prepared to defend yourself from the oppressors at all times," Mr. Nagol says. Others in the crowd talk of an
FBI plot to recruit the Bloods and the Crips off the streets of Los Angeles to form a secret army. "It will be the instrument of a complete
government takeover of private property," observes Ed Cramer, a barrel-chested Arizona man. Mr. Cramer is sure this is true because of his
contacts in law enforcement; he was a police officer for 31 years, and now serves as a magistrate in Arizona's Hidalgo County. Still others at
the rally warn of imminent invasions by United Nations shock troops, Mexican drug dealers and space aliens.

   Howard Hutchinson, another leader of Catron County's campaign, acknowledges that the movement has attracted "fringe elements - all
movements do." He has an interesting history himself: He helped found Earth First!, the radical environmental group that got its start here in
the Gila area. Now Mr. Hutchinson lives in a trailer, raises organic artichokes and, as a stalwart in the county movement, battles what he
calls "environmental extremists."

   So far, despite the tension and threats, nobody has been shot over land use in Catron County. But authorities are investigating the
vandalism of several Forest Service signs and outback buildings, and the service's deputy chief for the region, Carl Pence, worries that a
showdown may be inevitable. "We take these threats very seriously," Mr. Pence says. "... The tinder is there. It wouldn't take much to set it




First two wolves of the first five wolves (shot legally) near Pinedale and Big Piney, Wyoming after the season for wolves was opened up.  I  would venture to say they are 'just a little bit  bigger' than the local  coyotes!  These were caught, with two others, in a calving pen, killing livestock, not eating the livestock, just killing it.  I'm thinking my 340 Weatherby isn't too much gun for one of these critters. Fortunately, the wolves I saw on Wanda's place weren't near this size. They were 3x the size of our coyotes, though. These guys have been eating really well!  Acutally, eating TOO WELL! It's no wonder the elk and moose calves only have a 20% chance of making it to 6 months old in the Yellowstone area with these big boys around!  Amazingly, the Colorado Division of Wildlife has requested anyone catching a wolf or wolverine in a leg hold trap to "please try to release it alive", that could be a pretty good trick!  I was expecting much smaller wolves to be in the 'not safe for wolves zone'. I wonder how big the wolves are that ran these two out of the 'safe zone?’

Don't think I want to snowshoe or cross country ski in Wyoming anymore. I expect to see these critters in Colorado pretty soon, coming to a favorite deer or elk haunt near you!

Subject: Wolf Update from Jess Carey. Wolf Incident Investigator


Attached is the latest update from Jess Carey who is the Catron County Wolf Interdiction Investigator.  To date, the Middle Fork Pack has been confirmed on 8 livestock depredations within the last few months.  The rules state that the wolves responsible for the depredations will be removee upon 3 confirmed depredations within one year.

When incidents involving wolves are observed or suspected, Jess is called in to assess the situation and conduct a forensics investigation to determine if wolves were involved. 

Jess's work is so important because many of the ranchers around the Gila have lost all faith in the USFWS and the NMDG&F and no longer are able to trust either of those agencies to perform an objective investigation of wolf depredations. 

Both of these agencies cannot be trusted to follow the rules that everyone else is expected to follow because they are accountable to no one.

Please read Jess's report, but CAUTION!!! PLEASE BE AWARE THAT THE ATTACHED PICTURE IS VERY HARD TO LOOK AT.  This yearling was still alive and standing when found.

Please call the NMDG&F and ask them why they are allowing this insanity to continue.  Right is right and wrong is wrong.  Just because this wolf program is legal DOES NOT MAKE IT RIGHT.

Joe Delk  


September 11, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 175)]
[Page 46739-46741] 
Gila National Forest ; New Mexico ; Gila National Forest Travel Management Rule Implementation

AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice of Intent to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement.

SUMMARY: The Gila National Forest will prepare an Environmental Impact Statement to evaluate a proposed action that would implement the
agency's Travel Management Rule (TMR). The proposed action would eliminate cross country travel by motorized vehicle and designate a
system of roads, trails and areas open for motorized vehicle use. Motor vehicle access for purposes such as motor vehicle-based dispersed
camping and big game retrieval of deer and elk are also described. The Rule provides for certain exemptions such as emergency use, law
enforcement, those holding a specific written authorization, and limited Forest Service administrative use.
    The full text and maps of the proposed action will located on the Forest 's Web site at (Click on the link to
Travel Management Rule).
    The designated routes and areas will be published on a Motor Vehicle Use Map (MVUM) available free of charge to the public in
accordance with the Travel Management Rule. The MVUM will be the primary tool for compliance and enforcement.

DATES: Comments concerning the scope of the analysis must be received
by October 26, 2009. The Draft Environmental Impact Statement is
expected in May 2010 and the Final Environmental Impact Statement is
expected September 2010.

ADDRESSES: Send written comments to Gila National Forest , Attn: Travel
Management Coordinator
, 3005 E. Camino del Bosque, Silver City , NM
. Comments may also be sent via e-mail to r3_gila_
, or via facsimile to (575) 388-8222. Electronic
attachments must be in one of the following formats: .doc, .rtf, .txt,
or .pdf.
    It is important that reviewers provide their comments at such times
and in such a way that they are useful to the Agency's preparation of
the EIS. Therefore, comments should be provided prior to the close of
the comment period and should clearly articulate the reviewer's
concerns and contentions.
    Comments received in response to this solicitation, including names
and addresses of those who comment, will be part of the public record
for this proposed action. Comments submitted anonymously will be
accepted and considered, however.

, at (575) 388-8267 or The
proposed action, maps, and other pertinent information about this
project can be found on the Forest 's Web site:
(click on link to Travel Management Rule).
    Individuals who use telecommunication devices for the deaf (TDD)
may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339
between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., Eastern Time, Monday through Friday.

No virus found in this incoming message.
Checked by AVG -
Version: 8.5.409 / Virus Database: 270.13.100/2373 - Release Date: 09/15/09 13:37:00


 Catron County Commission blasts wolf survey
By Levi Hill Sun-News Bureau Chief
Article Launched: 06/24/2008 01:00:00 AM MDT

SILVER CITY — The chairman of the Catron County Board of Commissioners is blasting a recent survey —
commissioned by various environmental groups — that showed public opinion favors Mexican gray wolf

In statements released last week, Catron County Commission Chairman Ed Wehrheim, called the survey
biased, bogus and misleading.

"The recent wolf survey performed by Research and Polling, Inc. provides us with a good idea of what is
wrong with the Mexican wolf program today," Wehrheim said. "The survey results are biased."

The survey results were released Monday and showed that of 1,000 registered voters in New Mexico and Arizona,
69 percent in New Mexico and 77 percent in Arizona supported or strongly supported the reintroduction
program. The survey showed 21 percent of those polled in New Mexico and 13 percent in Arizona opposed the
reintroduction program.

Catron County Manager Bill Aymar said Friday that Wehrheim's comments reflect the overriding opinion of
the county and those being impacted by the wolf reintroduction program.

"I can almost guarantee that a survey conducted in Catron County would be 180 degrees from what they have
on this one," Aymar said. "This is all part of the propaganda program to convince people that this is
something people like. It is easy to do if you live in an area that doesn't have any wolves."
In Wehrheim's news release, he said the survey — and the groups that commissioned it — spin public opinion.

"The survey proves what the groups that paid for the survey want," Wehrheim said. "Already the media is
making it look like people think it isn't a factor that ranchers and families here are suffering. We are paying
a big price for protecting wolves that don't need protecting. People here are losing their livelihoods, their kids are at risk. Did any of these people get

Matt Hughes, senior vice president for Research and Polling Inc., said the poll was conducted to be
unbiased and the number of voters polled in each county was proportional to the overall number of registered
voters in that county.

"We basically wanted to know what the awareness levels and support were," Hughes said.

Brian Sanderoff, president of Research and Polling, said that for instance, if 40 percent of the state's
voters reside in Bernalillo county, then 40 percent of those polled came from that area.

Hughes said the questions were not misleading.

"We tried to keep it simple, straightforward and objective," Hughes said. "As you can see from the
questionnaire, when we asked about support or opposition to the program we did not introduce the
arguments of one side or the other. That would have led to a bias in the results."

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which oversees the reintroduction program, responded to the survey Friday,
saying it could not comment on its credibility.

"The survey was commissioned by environmental groups. As far as credibility, we wouldn't have a comment on
that," Spokeswoman Elizabeth Slown said. "In terms of the survey, we are always interested in finding out
what people think about the program. We are pleased that so many people do support the Mexican wolf coming
back. That is our dream that the Mexican wolf will again live in New Mexico and Arizona and someday will
no longer be an endangered species."

Slown said Fish and Wildlife has received more than 13,000 comments from the public in the form of letters,
phone calls and e-mails since public scoping meetings in December. She said the results of those responses
are not quantifiable, but they do provide a lot of input on the program.

"They are all over the board," she said of the responses. "But they have some very good ideas about
compensation for wolf depredations, how to avoid wolf/cow interactions and other aspects. We will be
posting those comments next week."

In statements regarding the survey, Wehrheim said taxpayers should be asked what they think of spending
$285,000 per each wolf reintroduced and whether that money should be used on other needs such as education
and health care.

Slown said the $285,000 figure is an oversimplification based on an inaccurate number of wolves released.

"They are taking the whole program and breaking it down by wolf, saying there have been 59 wolves released,"
she said. "We have put out over 100 wolves in the past 10 years."

She said in the 10 years the program has been actively reintroducing wolves, $7.36 million has been spent on
maintenance, operations, salary and contract costs. She said the reintroduction is a mandate Fish and Wildlife
cannot ignore.

"It is our mandate to try and recover all endangered species. Our mission is to recover rare species so we
have healthy populations. That is the mandate the American public gave us," she said.

The results of the survey and a list of questions can be obtained from Research and Polling Inc.'s Web site

Levi Hill can be reached at

wide web Domains.  Click here or the For Sale link on the left for more information.


Catron County Fair: August 26-30, 2009

Sheriff Richard Mack: Freedom & Liberty Rally

Catron County Fair Grounds: Sept. 5 2:PM

Catron County Citizens thank Sheriff Richard Mack for sharing critical Constitutional information with us yesterday at the Catron County FairGrounds.  Please click the photo on the left to find the full story.


Big News: Sheriff Richard Mack's presentation of The County Sheriff, America's Last Hope is now available on DVD at Reserve Automotive and on-line at:


Catron County Rock and Mineral Show

Reserve High Wins!  For the story please go to




Sale: August 11 & 12












Rags to Riches: New & Used

At the Reserve Community Center

Contact: Tanya Kaber @ Reserve Thrift Shop







Gila Bicycle Race:














Home ] Catron County News ] Catron County Court ] Catron County Sheriff ] New Mexico Republic ] InfoWars ] Reserve High ]